
20221026: Why Did Quantum Entanglement Win the Nobel Prize in Physics?
 08:08: Bell’s theorem assumes the choice of measurement is completely free and independent of the particle creation process.
 10:46: The first I already mentioned: what if the choice of measurement is not independent of the creation of the entangled particles?


20220928: Why Is 1/137 One of the Greatest Unsolved Problems In Physics?
 12:17: ... the constants of nature were set randomly at the big bang, and were set independently to each other  then we wouldn’t necessarily expect there to be ...


20220914: Could the Higgs Boson Lead Us to Dark Matter?
 09:42: Total moment in a collision is conserved, but also the momentum in each separate direction is conserved independently of the other directions.


20220720: What If We Live in a Superdeterministic Universe?
 00:57: Others  perhaps most  prefer to think of the universe as having a concrete existence independent of the observer.
 09:28: But that’s only weird if Alice’s choices themselves are independent events defined wholly in the present moment.
 11:45: To close the loophole, a Bell test needs to be performed where the choice of measurement direction is truly statistically independent.
 14:01: The latter has philosophical implications for our own dreams of being detached observers, independent of our subjects.


20220630: Could We Decode Alien Physics?
 16:39: ... slowdown phase. Actually Tony Tee seems to have independently invented the Bussard ramjet, by the way. Shame you ...


20220601: What If Physics IS NOT Describing Reality?
 11:24: ... wavefunction does not have a physical existence independent of the observer. Rather, the wavefunction and the math that ...


20220504: Space DOES NOT Expand Everywhere
 01:59: ... Soon after Einstein finished general relativity, four scientists independently solved its equation for the entire universe, giving us the ...


20220427: How the Higgs Mechanism Give Things Mass
 15:06: ... that we know and love. It flew free of its heavier cousins, the independent mediator of a part of the old electroweak field  what we ...


20220420: Does the Universe Create Itself?
 00:30: ... viewpoint: that there’s an objective reality out there that’s entirely independent of our subjective experience of it. That seems innocent enough, and it ...


20220330: Could The Universe Be Inside A Black Hole?
 04:24: ... way back to the Big Bang  it’s defined for all past and future times independently of the ...


20220316: What If Charge is NOT Fundamental?
 04:37: Well that mystery was solved independently by Kazuhiko Nishijima and Murray GellMann.


20220223: Are Cosmic Strings Cracks in the Universe?
 05:59: ... in the direction of the initial nucleation event. But independent bubbles may have very different phase angles. When bubbles met, the ...


20220216: Is The Wave Function The Building Block of Reality?
 05:09: ... corresponding to different possible measurement results to evolve independently of each other. Another thing about the Schrodinger equation is that it’s ...


20220127: How Does Gravity Escape A Black Hole?
 03:34: In GR, the gravitational field  the curvature of spacetime  has an independent existence to the mass that causes it.


20220112: How To Simulate The Universe With DFT
 02:30: ... time independent Schrodinger equation isn’t the be all and end all of quantum mechanics  ...


20211229: How to Find ALIEN Dyson Spheres
 02:01: ... plausible as a solid shell, but pretty reasonable actually as a swarm of independent craft, either in orbit around the star or kiting in place on the solar ...


20211013: New Results in Quantum Tunneling vs. The Speed of Light
 04:51: ... who found that for one definition, the time taken to tunnel can become independent of the thickness of the ...


20210810: How to Communicate Across the Quantum Multiverse
 00:23: ... into an overlapping set of simple sinusoidal waves that move independently of each other, in exactly the combination of frequencies and amplitudes ...
 01:29: ... episode I showed you how overlapping systems of ripples on a pond evolve independently of each other due to something called the superposition principle. This ...
 05:54: ... what allows two overlapping displacements to be treated independently. A linear restoring force leads to a linear wave equation  and a linear ...


20210803: How An Extreme New Star Could Change All Cosmology
 12:16: ... the supernovae would not make dark energy go away  there’s too much independent evidence  but it’s probably something we want to sort out anyway. OK, ...


20210623: How Quantum Entanglement Creates Entropy
 16:39: ... which is also wrong  the observed Planck length should be independent of velocity. Michal asks whether there’s a way to ...


20210511: How To Know If It's Aliens
 05:44: ... such a huge claim it sparked very careful scrutiny and analysis. A few independent teams found issues with the original data processing, and their new ...


20210421: The NEW Warp Drive Possibilities
 15:15: These could yield a truly independent verification of the muon g2 result.


20210407: Why the Muon g2 Results Are So Exciting!
 11:20: But the only way to be sure is to repeat the measurement with a new independent experiment.


20210316: The NEW Crisis in Cosmology
 09:50: ... remember that we’re levelheaded scientists. Two independent methods aren’t enough. We need more  and we have some ...
 10:40: ... with that a measurement of the expansion rate that’s independent of the cosmic distance ladder. So far we’ve only done this with a ...
 15:19: ... all on his own  a couple of hundred years late, but independently nonetheless. So, John Smith, you're another 100 years late, but ...


20210224: Does Time Cause Gravity?
 03:49: In Einstein’s relativity you have to remember that time and space are not independent of each other.


20210126: Is Dark Matter Made of Particles?
 06:47: Completely independently of our quest for dark matter, physicists have hypothesized a new type of neutrino  the socalled sterile neutrino.
 09:54: The idea of the WIMP was proposed independently of any actual WIMP candidates.


20201104: Electroweak Theory and the Origin of the Fundamental Forces
 11:48: ... at low temperatures, this symmetry is spontaneously broken  leaving an independent, massless s(1) field for the photon and a massive, broken SU(2) field ...


20201020: Is The Future Predetermined By Quantum Mechanics?
 09:02: With an independent web existing for all different possible decisions.


20201013: Do the Past and Future Exist?
 11:45: ... the materialist  to those who like to believe in an actual universe independent of the ...
 14:03: ... would it have been easier to kickstart life from scratch on two planets independently, or have a spacefaring bugs propogate after ...


20200810: Theory of Everything Controversies: Livestream
 00:00: ... it seriously or and if not why not well first of all i take every independent researcher trying a theory of everything who's trying not to fool him ...


20200511: How Luminiferous Aether Led to Relativity
 11:04: ... classical medium for wave propagation. The speed of light appeared to be independent of the motion of the ...


20200407: How We Know The Earth Is Ancient
 10:03: ... of each type of uranium to the corresponding isotope of lead you get two independent ages  which will match up if the crystal has not lost any of its lead. ...
 12:35: ... There’s consistency in that 4.5 billionish year age across several independent measures. That gives us some confidence in the result. But confidence in ...


20200331: What’s On The Other Side Of A Black Hole?
 09:39: ... of the regular universe and black hole  that they don’t have an independent ...


20200224: How Decoherence Splits The Quantum Multiverse
 03:38: ... “collapses” to leave it as a single position on a screen, and multiple independent particles then land in these bands  an interference pattern, which ...


20200218: Does Consciousness Influence Quantum Mechanics?
 02:23: But that’s weird because this interference pattern seems to guide the path of each electron independently of the others.
 11:46: ... seems to be that the result of the experiment  and reality  exists independently of individual ...


20200113: How To Capture Black Holes
 14:13: ... they'd thought of the whole black holes creating new universes thing independently to Lee Smolin. I'm making a list, guys. If it turns out the whole ...


20191217: Do Black Holes Create New Universes?
 08:51: ... favouring black hole production should be optimized completely independently to those that also favour the appearance of ...


20191209: The Doomsday Argument
 16:21: ... baryon acoustic oscillation signatures seen in galaxy clusters are an independent measure of curvature, and these point to a much flatter universe than ...


20191111: Does Life Need a Multiverse to Exist?
 01:02: ... and the standard model of particle physics, there are something like 20 independent fundamental constants of ...


20191015: Loop Quantum Gravity Explained
 02:18: In short: quantum mechanics is NOT background independent.
 02:23: General relativity, on the other hand, has to be background independent  because that’s what its equations do  they change the background.
 09:42: ... that space of loops can be quantized rather neatly, and in a background independent ...


20190424: No Dark Matter = Proof of Dark Matter?
 00:03: ... the gravitational fields of galaxies and clusters this has given us an independent measure of the mass of those objects and those masses were the same as ...


20190410: The Holographic Universe Explained
 07:15: ... of possible values which a) exists alongside the other dimensions but is independent of them; b) over which the rules of physics stay the same, and c) ...


20190320: Is Dark Energy Getting Stronger?
 14:13: ... to be constant after all – which I suspect it will – we’ll have a new, independent measure of its existence and ...


20190220: Secrets of the Cosmic Microwave Background
 02:05: ... a 2D surface of a sphere Fluctuations in each of these layers oscillate independently But by adding them together you can calculate the complex fluctuations ...


20190207: Sound Waves from the Beginning of Time
 11:16: But such an incredible claim requires independent checking.
 11:19: It requires an independent test of the expansion history. Enter the baryon acoustic oscillations.


20190124: The Crisis in Cosmology
 00:10: Finally, two powerful and independent methods...
 06:04: ...we prefer it to be made through independent methods.
 10:35: ...and independent methods have been used to calibrate the supernovae as standard candles.
 12:37: Independent methods, like using gravitational lensing, or gravitational waves,...


20181220: Why String Theory is Wrong
 11:49: ... independent reasons that we don't have time to get into, 11 is also the magic number ...


20181031: Are Virtual Particles A New Layer of Reality?
 04:22: The virtual particles never exist independently.
 11:50: ... with Hawking radiation, you don't need for virtual particles to have an independent existence to explain these ...


20181010: Computing a Universe Simulation
 06:46: ... rate at which the quantum states of a system can shift into completely independent quantum states or orthogonal states in quantum jargon the radius ...
 08:45: And that's actually independent of the number of particles or degrees of freedom the universe is using to do that computation.


20181003: How to Detect Extra Dimensions
 01:50: Among other things, this optical identification gave a completely independent measurement of the distance traveled by the gravitational waves.
 09:41: All you need is a billiondollar network of gravitational wave detectors and a way to independently measure the distance the wave traveled.
 09:58: ... exploding neutron stars allowed us to measure its distance completely independently to the gravitational wave signal, something that's impossible with black ...
 10:20: ... of the merging objects and the frequency of the wave combined with our independent distance ...


20180912: How Much Information is in the Universe?
 04:44: OK, so 10 to the power of 180 or so bits is the minimum if you want to describe every 3D quantum voxel completely independently.
 05:44: That would be like having separate completely independent memory elements for every empty pixel in an image file.


20180815: Quantum Theory's Most Incredible Prediction
 11:38: This requires an independent experimental measurement.


20180620: The Black Hole Information Paradox
 13:53: ... in terms of the classical electromagnetic field which has an existence independent of electric ...


20180523: Why Quantum Information is Never Destroyed
 07:05: ... into some hairy math, but the upshot is that quantum states must remain independent of each other in order to preserve ...
 07:16: Two independent quantum states can't evolve into the exact same quantum state.


20180404: The Unruh Effect
 00:44: They were independently studying how the nature of quantum fields appears to change depending on whether or not an observer is accelerating.


20180117: Horizon Radiation
 05:08: But it also makes it devilishly difficult to solve those equations because the individual oscillations in space can't be solved independently.
 08:00: The field at each momentum spot oscillates independently from its neighboring momenta.


20171004: When Quasars Collide STJC
 06:41: Both knots have the classic energy distribution of a completely independent jet launching point.
 11:06: The standard model of particle physics contains 26 independent parameters, things like the coupling constants and the masses of each particle type.


20170928: Are the Fundamental Constants Changing?
 02:54: ... space and time, so is it even meaningful to talk about it changing independently to its underlying ...


20170920: The Future of Space Telescopes
 08:15: So it would be an independent spacecraft, just like the starshade.


20170830: White Holes
 11:57: The mathematics of the Schwarzschild metric describes an entirely independent region of space time parallel to our own.
 12:45: ... consultation for business or personal legal advice through their independent network of attorneys without having to leave your ...


20170824: First Detection of Life
 10:57: ... consultation for business or personal legal advice through their independent network of attorneys without having to leave your ...


20170816: Extraterrestrial Superstorms
 11:14: ... consultation for business or personal legal advice through their independent network of attorneys without having to leave your ...


20170510: The Great American Eclipse
 09:16: ... consultation for business or personal legal advice through their independent network of attorneys without having to leave your ...


20170315: Time Crystals!
 06:08: ... the ion chain follows the rhythm of the driving signal perfectly with no independent rhythm of its ...


20170301: The Treasures of Trappist1
 09:01: If you have a family, they can help you create your estate plan through their products and network of independent attorneys.
 09:07: ... consultation for business or personal legal advice through their independent attorneys, without having to leave your ...


20161109: Did Dark Energy Just Disappear?
 00:21: ... in 1998 two independent teams of astronomers made an extremely controversial announcement: that ...
 10:33: When you mathematically combine the certainty contours of two completely independent measurements they give you a much tighter range of possibilities.


20160921: Quantum Entanglement and the Great BohrEinstein Debate
 01:19: This notion that the universe exists independent of the mind of the observer is called realism in physics.
 02:22: On the other hand, Albert Einstein insisted on an objective reality, a reality independent of our observation of it.


20160824: Should We Build a Dyson Sphere?
 02:49: ... that are only kilometers or less in diameter and each with its own independent stable orbit around the ...


20160803: Can We Survive the Destruction of the Earth? ft. Neal Stephenson
 08:06: Multiple independent bases for humanity are also powerful safeguards against our own inclination to destroy our own world.


20160615: The Strange Universe of Gravitational Lensing
 05:57: ... Hubble Constant, which tells us the rate of expansion of the universe, independently confirming the results from other ...


20160608: New Fundamental Particle Discovered?? + Challenge Winners!
 08:08: Similarly, completely independent longterm climate models differ in the details of their predictions.


20160504: Will Starshot's Insterstellar Journey Succeed?
 11:17: We need to figure out the luminosities for a good number of these supernovae independently, before we can start using them as standard candles.
 11:25: We do that by finding independent distances to white dwarf supernovae in nearby galaxies.
 11:33: ... use cepheid variable stars, another type of standard candle, to get an independent distance to the galaxy in which a supernova ...


20160427: What Does Dark Energy Really Do?
 00:52: ... another piece of evidence of its existence, which itself came from an independent attempt to determine whether the universe would ...
 02:39: Measuring many different redshifts and distances independently of each other tells us that expansion history.
 03:12: If something else happened to that traveling light that independently kept track of the distance it travelled.


20160420: Why the Universe Needs Dark Energy
 01:41: There are two powerful and completely independent measurements that can test this prediction of the fate of the universe.
 04:26: ... check it out this gives us a way to independently verify what we got on the left side of the first Friedmann equation, ...
 10:28: ... dark matter, which we can measure by its gravitational effect in several independent ...


20160413: Will the Universe Expand Forever?
 02:05: ... have 10 independent components, giving 10 independent field equations to describe the ...
 07:14: We measure it from the redshifts of galaxies as well as other independent methods.


20160127: The Origin of Matter and Time
 10:14: So a lot of you independently realized that the time dilation of special relativity seems to generate a paradox.
 10:51: So, nice work if you came up with this independently.


20151105: Why Haven't We Found Alien Life?
 08:29: No, multicellular life evolved independently dozens of times.
 09:07: However, it's worth noting that we do have other species on Earth that seem to be moving down the same big brain path independently of humans.


20150930: What Happens At The Edge Of The Universe?
 07:54: A model has to make multiple independent and accurate predictions to be accepted as a theory.
 07:58: And there are few theories with as many independent and accurate predictions as general relativity.


20150923: Does Dark Matter BREAK Physics?
 00:47: ... out exactly what dark matter is or isn't, I want to give you completely independent evidence for its existence, gravitational ...


20150827: Watch THIS! (New Host + Challenge Winners)
 01:09: ... independent from what I just said, you can also work out an expression for the ...


20150527: Habitable Exoplanets Debunked!
 10:26: ... I articulated in this episode, namely that mass and amount of stuff are independent ...
