
20221214: How Can Matter Be BOTH Liquid AND Gas?
 17:00: Excitations in those fields are proper elementary particles, not quasiparticles.
 17:18: Actual magnetic monopoles, if they really exist, would be elementary particles, and we’ve done an episode on these before.


20221208: How Are Quasiparticles Different From Particles?
 00:12: But the only elementary particle actually flowing in the circuit are the negatively charged electrons.
 08:40: ... elementary particles can be combined into composite particles, for example an atom is ...
 14:20: After all, the elementary particles like electrons, photons, and quarks are just excitations in the elementary quantum fields.


20221123: How To See Black Holes By Catching Neutrinos
 01:16: ... elementary particles are fermions  so particles of matter rather than forcecarrying bosons ...


20220928: Why Is 1/137 One of the Greatest Unsolved Problems In Physics?
 13:07: Or perhaps it hints at a deeper connection between the properties of the elementary particles, like the mass and charge of the electron.


20220601: What If Physics IS NOT Describing Reality?
 00:25: ... with the particles themselves but with our knowledge of the elementary particles.” In other words, the mathematical laws of physics don’t ...


20220323: Where Is The Center of The Universe?
 16:37: Well, the big one is that the elementary particles were massless back then due to the absense of the Higgs mechansism.


20220316: What If Charge is NOT Fundamental?
 07:34: ... make sense of the geometric symmetry if nucleons themselves were not elementary particles, but rather made up of smaller components, which he dubbed ...
 08:21: ... deeper  something that lives in the hearts of these quarks and other elementary particles  that governs these differences between particle groups, and that also ...
 11:20: ... and hypercharge must be fundamental because they are properties of elementary particles that can't be broken into smaller ...
 13:08: Which, by the way, grants mass to elementary particles  yet another supposedly “fundamental” property”.


20211117: Are Black Holes Actually Fuzzballs?
 05:52: ... string theory, all elementary particles are oscillations in 1dimensional strands that themselves are embedded ...


20210818: How Vacuum Decay Would Destroy The Universe
 03:11: ... the entire universe is filled with this soup of Higgsiness. Most elementary particles that have mass gain their mass due to interactions with ...
 08:30: ... that’s not the worst of it. As I mentioned, the Higgs field gives elementary particles their masses. Those masses depend on the energy in the ...
 09:38: ... itself as well as the top quark, which is the most massive elementary particle. And our measurements of these masses tell us that … we are probably ...


20210616: Can Space Be Infinitely Divided?
 08:37: ... Imagine we want to precisely define the position of an elementary particle  let’s say an electron. To define its position we need to be ...


20210609: Are We Running Out of Space Above Earth?
 14:49: ... you could somehow get an elementary particle like an electron within that range then perhaps it would be absorbed and ...


20210525: What If (Tiny) Black Holes Are Everywhere?
 01:51: It came from thinking about how black holes interact with the quantum fields from which all elementary particles arise.


20201104: Electroweak Theory and the Origin of the Fundamental Forces
 00:02: We have a weird zoo of elementary particles, which interact through very different fundamental forces.


20200824: Can Future Colliders Break the Standard Model?
 04:46: The existence of the Higgs confirms our explanation of how the elementary particles acquire mass  which of course we’ve covered previously.


20200810: Theory of Everything Controversies: Livestream
 00:00: ... should make that clear to many people it means a unified theory of the elementary particles and the interactions and that's a hope which has been ongoing for a ...


20200630: Dissolving an Event Horizon
 05:33: That radiation cian be any type of elementary particle  but in the case of the most massive black holes, it’s mostly just photons.


20200615: What Happens After the Universe Ends?
 07:53: ... masses of the elementary particles are not some fundamental property of those particles  they come from ...
 08:57: ... of the Higgs field  if it decayed to a lower energy  could eliminate elementary particle masses in the late universe ...


20200218: Does Consciousness Influence Quantum Mechanics?
 13:54: ...  and I mean right at the beginning  before the Higgs mechanism gave elementary particles their ...


20200127: Hacking the Nature of Reality
 06:37: They attempted to build scattering matrices with no elementary particles at all, and with no details of nuclear structure.


20200106: How To Detect a Neutrino
 01:27: ♪ (𝘥𝘢𝘳𝘬 𝘴𝘺𝘯𝘵𝘩 𝘧𝘳𝘰𝘮 𝘪𝘯𝘵𝘳𝘰) ♪ ♪ (𝘥𝘢𝘳𝘬 𝘴𝘺𝘯𝘵𝘩 𝘧𝘳𝘰𝘮 𝘪𝘯𝘵𝘳𝘰) ♪ DR. DON: Neutrinos are elementary particles of a type called leptons.
 01:57: ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ Neutrinos are among the most elusive elementary particles of nature, ♪ ♪ only interacting by the weak nuclear force and gravity.


20191118: Can You Observe a Typical Universe?
 06:01: ... disorder and high entropy  iron stars, black holes, and a mist of cold elementary particles, not very hospitable to ...


20191111: Does Life Need a Multiverse to Exist?
 00:50: ... things like the speed of light, the Planck constant, the masses of the elementary particles, and the constants defining the relative strengths of the fundamental ...
 08:01: Another set of free parameters are the masses of the elementary particles.
 08:25: ... that the balance of the strengths of the forces and the masses of the elementary particles, is just right for things like stars and complex matter to form in our ...


20190819: What Happened Before the Big Bang?
 02:37: That's the Higgs field which gives elementary particles their mass.


20190806: What Caused the Big Bang?
 05:22: ... the way, an elementary particle is just an oscillation in this field strength  a little packet of ...


20190328: Could the Universe End by Tearing Apart Every Atom?
 10:03: ... final state a big rip universe will be nothing but hopelessly isolated elementary particles separated by infinitely expanding space. That's a hell of a ...


20181010: Computing a Universe Simulation
 01:04: ... with their neighbors by a simple set of rules, leading to oscillations, elementary particles, atoms, and ultimately to all of the emergent laws of physics, physical ...
 04:38: If we instead count all the elementary particles with mass, we might get 10 to the 81 particles.


20180912: How Much Information is in the Universe?
 05:59: In other words, one bit per elementary particle.
 10:07: Assume one bit per elementary particle.


20180905: The Black Hole Entropy Enigma
 08:05: Essentially he built a black hole out of idealized elementary particles that each contained a single bit of information.


20180823: How Will the Universe End?
 11:36: ... the universe will be nothing but an increasingly diffuse void of elementary particles with maybe a bit of dust if you're ...
 15:25: ... a property of composite particles, things that are made up of multiple elementary particles. ...
 15:35: It's the size of that bundle of elementary particles.
 15:39: But elementary particles themselves don't have size in this sense.


20171102: The Vacuum Catastrophe
 01:30: From the perspective of quantum field theory, every point in space is represented by a quantum oscillator, one for each elementary particle type.


20171019: The Nature of Nothing
 02:08: In short, space itself is comprised of fundamental quantum fields, one for each elementary particle.
 13:32: ... we typically think of meta particles as fermions because the elementary particles that form atoms are all spinhalf fermions, so electrons and quarks, ...


20170816: Extraterrestrial Superstorms
 12:11: ... natural extension would be that every elementary particle along with its antiparticle counterpart is the same particle bouncing ...


20170726: The Secrets of Feynman Diagrams
 00:03: ... by providing a simple system to sort out the infinite possibilities when elementary particles ...


20170707: Feynman's Infinite Quantum Paths
 15:13: And each elementary particle has its own field.


20170628: The First Quantum Field Theory
 01:18: ... Field Theory, QFT, describes all elementary particles as vibrational modes in fundamental fields that exist at all points in ...
 06:02: See, two of the same type of elementary particle are indistinguishable from each other.
 10:13: Spurred by its success in describing electromagnetism, physicists soon extended the second quantization approach to other elementary particles.
 10:39: Nonetheless, second quantization works for all elementary particles.
 11:02: In fact, every base elementary particle has its own field.


20170621: AntiMatter and Quantum Relativity
 02:33: Yet, we now know that many elementary particles have an internal property called spin.
 08:38: We now know that every elementary particle has an associated field, that fills all of space.
 08:53: And the elementary particles that we know and love are just regions where a field has a bit more energy.
 10:20: So all elementary particles have a quantum field and all have an antimatter counterpart.
 14:38: ... speed of light to fill that universe, fundamentally changing the way its elementary particles ...


20161102: Quantum Vortices and Superconductivity + Drake Equation Challenge Answers
 01:45: These vortices occur in pairs and have some amazing behaviors that resemble the behavior of elementary particles.


20160406: We Are Star Stuff
 01:04: ... when those elementary particles start interacting to form nuclei, atoms, and molecules chemistry ...


20160127: The Origin of Matter and Time
 09:18: Kovacs asks, how can it be that if an elementary particle doesn't experience time, that they can still decay?
 09:58: So when I say that elementary particles don't feel time, that's what I'm talking about.


20160113: When Time Breaks Down
 02:17: And in a sense, the most elementary particles are intrinsically timeless.


20160106: The True Nature of Matter and Mass
 08:18: ... last episode of "Space Time," we talked about how the Higgs field gives elementary particles ...


20151216: The Higgs Mechanism Explained
 00:14: ... mass of anything that's made of atoms, doesn't come from the mass of the elementary particles. ...
 00:41: Now, today I want to talk about this socalled intrinsic mass of the elementary particles.
 01:43: ... elementary particle is a vibration in its own field, and these vibrations and fields ...
